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February 2, 2011
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As part of the projecteducate Artisan Crafts Week, we are posting an Artisan Crafts ABC. This week long feature will introduce some popular and some unknown techniques from the artisan crafts world.
This list will by no means be complete, we are just highlighting a few techniques for each letter


I stands for Intarsia


Intarsia, from the latin work "interserere", meaning "instert", is a technique in woodworking where pieces of wood are assembled a mosaic-like piece. Often different species of wood are used to have lighter and darker colors working together, this can also be achieved by staining the wood.
Intarsia can be set into larger wood panels or stand on their own as wall ornaments or used to decorate boxes, tables, wood floors, etc.
(the term Intarsia is also used in some other artisan crafts genres, but we are sticking with woodworking today)

Souix Indian Chief by baxta734 Together by rcdog Intarsia Teddy by aushicks giraffe by python2123

I stands for Iris Folding


Iris folding is a paper craft technique in which paper strips are folded in a specific pattern. The finished design shows a center that resembles an iris (think eye, not flower).

Iris folding: baby card by susjoh Iris owl card" by Dionee Heart to Heart Greeting Cards by Efio-47 iris doll card" by Dionee

I stands for Ice Cream


I SCREAM, YOU SCREAM, WE ALL SCREAM FOR ICE CREAM!
Especially if it's home made! :la:

23 Raw Mint Ice Cream by tilldawn Cranberry Ice Cream 4 by laurenjacob Apple Puff Pastry by Jewelle1618 :thumb194580526:

J stands for Jewelry


Jewelry are adornments that serve a purely decorational purpose and can be created from a great variety of materials. There are necklaces, rings, bracelets, brooches, pins, tiaras, earrings or similar items. Practical items are NOT considered jewelry (for example belts) but are classified as accessories.

:thumb194597668: Tabac by GaleriaAURUS Waveplay 2 by Faeriedivine Nautilus by gemheaven

J stands for Jello


Jello (originally from the brand name Jell-O) is a dessert consisting mostly of gelatin, sugar and flavorings/colors. It can be prepared in a variety of flavors and colors and is fun to experiment with. Some people add fruit or other foods (added to the jello while it's still liquid) or stack colors to create rainbow jello.
It's versatile, wobbly and tasty and fun.

Taste by theCoin-operatedGirl Almond Ice by RuinedTemple Jello Creation by stephie00180 Blue Orange by sake-bento

J stands for Jeans


Jeans are pants made from denim fabric, some artists sew their own jeans, others decorate and customize store bought pairs. But this fabulous fabric can be used for much more than just pants!

Pocket Purse by alexluna denim tee jigsaw by jontyhowe "Squiggle-Squirm" Shorts by Eekah The Batman Pants - front by cheshirecatart

K stands for Knitting


Knitting is a technique of using two (or more) needles to loop yarn into clothing items, blankets, tablecloths and other items. There are numerous different stitches which lead to a different look in the finished piece. The thickness of the needles and yarn as well as the individual yarn tension determin how loose or tight the loops are.
Knitting may be done by hand or by machine.

flowered hat by KC--Leigh Timonie, "mtd" sweaterset I by dubiousvolute Cute yellow MITTENS by Asfina Vegan Cream Bunny Scarf by Cateaclysmic

K stands for Knives


A knife most commonly consists of a cutting blade and a handle. Blades come in a variety of shapes, sharpness, materials and designs; handles can be made from many different materials too. Typically a metal will be used for the blade and metal or wood for the handle, though there are many other materials that can be used.
Generally knives will be classified as either a folding blade knife or a fixed blade knife. Fixed blade knives are usually stronger than folding blade ones, since they can be affixed to the handle more solidly and don't have any moving parts.
Many artists create hand made one of a kind knives and some of them are true works of art.

Damascus knife by Ugrik Painted Elk Knife by lupagreenwolf Gift RS knife by The-Hoarde :thumb186059949:

K stands for Kimonos


A kimono is a traditional japanese garment. A kimono is T-shaped with wide sleeves, it should fall to ankle length when worn and is wrapped around the body and held closed by a sash (called "obi") that is tied at the back. Kimono are worn by both, men and women.
Kimono are traditionally made with silk fabric and are hand dyed with free-styke patterns. Modern kimono can be made from a wide range of materials and patterns and can vary in length and style.

kimono outfit by ebirisho My little Japanese maiden by Celtic-Dragonfly Purple kimono 1 by simakai Yuuko Ichihara by Pangea-Derlatek

L stands for Leather


Leather is made by tanning animal hide. There are many different leather types based on the process through which they are tanned and of course the animal hide that it all starts with.
There are many ways of using leather for crafts, be it in clothing, accessories, masks, keyrings, bookbinding, jewelry and more. Leather can be stained, painted, carved, tools, cut, textures, sewn, etc.

Dragoness Tassets Modeled by Red-Dragon-Lord Wristbands by Hel-kala 1898 by Meliadhor Teal Persian Leather Mask by merimask

L stands for Lace


Lave is a fabric with holes in it that create a fine patterns. There are many different kinds of lace, some are machine made, others are hand made. It can be used for a great variety of artisan crafts.

Laces by iPetx dark alice dress by smarmy-clothes deep red lace cuffs by diwatox Awaken Mandala Pendant by photopixie

L stands for Lost-Wax Casting


Lost-wax casting is a method of creating a metal item from a model carved in wax. This method is often used by jewelers.
A piece is carved in in wax (or sculpted in clay), a silicone, latex or rubber mold is made of this wax (or clay) piece. The mold is then used to cast a wax model which is typically left hollow. The wax cast is then fixed to remove imperfections from the mold and wax "sprues" are attached which will act as channels for molten metal to flow in and air to flow out.
The sprued wax model is covered with at least a half inch of a silica-based shell which is the heated, upside down, to let the wax melt and run out of the shell. The shell is usually fired twice and then placed, right side up, into a tub with sand where it is then filled with the molten metal.
Once cooled, the shell is broken away, the spruing cut off and the rough casting can then be finished and polished.
The silicone mold can be used to create multiple wax copies to make multiple pieces.
Smaller pieces, like jewelry, are often made with a plaster mold from the original wax carving, making them unique artist pieces.

Trio of skulls by Dans-Magic Ganesha Pendant by rgyoung Triceratops by Dans-Magic Blood and Bone by thefuzzyichi

M stands for Metal


There is an abundance of metals that can be used in artisan crafts. Starting with the obvious precious metals used in jewelry for example, non-precious metals can also be used for jewelry and utilitarian and decorational items.
Metals can range from very soft (gold) to very hard (titanium) and there are many ways to work with them, like casting, forging, extruding, sintering, rolling, flow forming, machining, fabricating and more. There is a great range of artisan crafts to be created from various metals.

Metal Chair by Tenzari 4" cigar bowl by isolatedreality China Box Pieces by supperdoozie Ancient Biblical Mask by caerul

M stands for Masks


Masks can be made from a variety of materials. They can either be full masks (covering the whole face), half masks (only covering the upper or lower part of the face), partial masks or miniature masks.

Orange Maple Leaf Mask by OsborneArts The King Mask by kellerfaces Black and Blue Asian Dragon by merimask Dust Mask by ilkela

M stands for Macramé


Macramé is a form of art where different knots are used to create a pattern, figure or decoration. It only has a few basic knots, so it is easy to learn.

wild rose by 3zolushka Ice and Fire by Peter-The-Knotter Neck Pouch by Peter-The-Knotter teal hemp cuff bracelet by HempLady4u


I hope you enjoyed today's installment! Please remember that all descriptions are kept short and there is a lot more information to be found. If you are especially interested in one (or several) of the above mentioned methods, materias or techniques, try a search here on dA or google to find out more.
Cheers,
MyntKat
Add a Comment:
 
:iconsearleit:
Searleit Featured By Owner Jan 19, 2012
Fantastic work!
Now I finally know what's the english equivalent for "metoda wosku traconego" (Lost-Wax Casting), and I've been searching for this alot lately. Thanks :)
Reply
:icongemheaven:
gemheaven Featured By Owner Feb 10, 2011  Professional Artisan Crafter
Gorgeous collection thank you so much :D
Reply
:icondiwatox:
diwatox Featured By Owner Feb 7, 2011
nice instruction, thank you for including my work :)
Reply
:iconeekah:
Eekah Featured By Owner Feb 5, 2011  Professional Traditional Artist
Thank you so much for featuring my "Squiggle-Squirm" shorts! :D :wave:
Reply
:iconchaosfay:
ChaosFay Featured By Owner Feb 5, 2011  Professional Artisan Crafter
I'm so glad you included macrame! It's such a misunderstood form of art. :heart:
Reply
:iconphotopixie:
photopixie Featured By Owner Feb 3, 2011
Great article, I learned a lot! Thank you for displaying my tatted lace Awaken Mandala pendant :)
Reply
:icondubiousvolute:
dubiousvolute Featured By Owner Feb 3, 2011  Professional General Artist
Thank you so much for including my dollsweater in such an amazing body of work! I'm totally humbled.
Reply
:iconfaeriedivine:
Faeriedivine Featured By Owner Feb 3, 2011  Professional Artisan Crafter
thanks so much for the feature!! :heart:

Great selection of beautiful crafts :heart:
Reply
:iconnatzca-design:
natzca-design Featured By Owner Feb 3, 2011
Very inspiring galery, by the way!
Reply
:iconnatzca-design:
natzca-design Featured By Owner Feb 3, 2011
Happy and honored to be here! ;)
Reply
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